Scientific ASIA

Genetic diversity among samples of Moringa oleifera

Many human-made products are simply the processing and assembly of naturally available resources. Products are synthesized by extracting substances from plants and other natural resources.

Moringa oleifera is one such plant found in nature. Its extract serves as an ingredient in the manufacture of a wide range of products. The cosmetics, biomedical, and fuel industry sources its extracts in a large amount for manufacturing.

The wide range of its properties is antioxidant, antihypertensive, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antiulcer, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, and antipyretic antihyperlipidemic make Moringa oleifera an important natural resource in the health industry.

It is also an economically suitable natural resource due to its tolerance to drought, undernourished regions, and environmental and stress factors.

One of the critical topics in research is the use of natural resources in the food industry. The DNA and genetic material of the subjects were studied. It can then be altered to increase growth rate and supply as well. This phenomenon has helped industries to meet the growing demand. Moringa oleifera is usedin various industries for production on a large scale. This makes it an interesting subject for scientific research.

A team of researchers from Shoolini University of Biotechnology and Management Sciences, Himachal Pradesh, India, studied the genetic material of Moringa oleifera. The abstract in the study was obtained from trees in the South-central and Northern States of India. The genetic diversity of Moringa oleifera is evaluated in the study using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Markers Technique.

The samples were collected from Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttarakhand in October-November, 2016. Using the standard technique, DNA was isolated for further study. The DNA was subjected to RAPD Markers Technique. The RAPD Markers Technique highlights the genetic profile. The genetic diversity of Moringa oleifera is evaluatedby observing samples’ genetic profiles from three different regions.

Concluding the study, Saurabh Kulshrestha and fellows defined RAPD as a reliable technique for studying genetic diversity. The study also confirmed the hypothesis that genetic diversity exists in the same species based on geographical location. The findings of this study were published in the Asian Journal of Plant Sciences

Asian Journal of Plant Sciences is a high quality scientific journal publishes the original research in all areas of plant science and botany. Scope of the journal includes: Plant biotechnology, plant cell and tissue culture, plant gene transfer, development, growth regulation, molecular cell biology and genetics, signal transduction, photosynthesis, pathogen resistance, nutrition, water relations and gas exchange, symbiosis, stress physiology, population genetics, ecology and molecular systematic.

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